We, the Colombians, by essence, are the legacy of our ancestors, the diverse indigenous groups inhabit several places. Fortunately, our country Colombia still has a varied ethnic richness throughout our geography. However, these tribes reflect their vision of the world, their environment, nature, fauna and flora in their craft creations. They express through their manual elaborations, figures, drawings and geometric patterns, the cosmovision and cosmogony proper to their identity.
Among the main ancestral tribes most focused on handicrafts are: the Wayuu indigenous settled in the peninsula of Guajira, north of Colombia, most still retain almost the entirety of their identity of yesteryear.
Pulikerüüya, like the vulva of the donkey.
Molokonoutaya, like the shell of the morrocoy.
Pasatalo’ouya, like the guts of the cow.
Kuliichiya, like the fabric formed by the rods of the roof.
Siwottouya, like the footprint left by a horse in the sand.
Marüliunaya, like the engraving that is made to the totumo in the milking.
Jalianaya, the mother of kanaas.
Pa’ralouas, who is above each other.
Kalepsü, like the wooden hook used to hang objects from the roofs.
Antajirasü, which intersect.
Jime’uya, eye of a fish.
Photos taken from http://www.artesaniasdecolombia.com.co/PortalAC/C_noticias/la-mochila-wayu-parte-de-la-tradicion-de-colombia_5070
On the other hand, the Arhuaco indigenous people who live in the independent mountain system known as Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, use various materials from natural fibers of animal and plant origin to weave backpacks, known as arhuaca backpacks. Initially it was used to make the arhuaco backpack more than all cotton, agave, hemp, whole other plant materials, however, cotton wool is introduced into the arhuaco fabric with the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, being currently this type of backpacks the most appreciated commercially.
Now, before the shortage of sheep breeding in the Sierra Nevada de Santamarta, it is necessary to bring sheep wool from the Department of Boyacá, this being softer with the skin than snow wool. Carrying a backpack of these, is to carry with it a wisdom transmitted by centuries, from generation to generation, especially in the gwati (women of the ethnic group) that from girls are taught the art of arhuaco weaving.
Taken from http://www.redalyc.org/html/2912/291221878010/